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Discussion 1

1.Should the U.S. and other national governments ban or more severely regulate the manufacture, sale, and use of e-cigarettes? Why or why not?
The US federal Governments and other state governments in the US should banned the e-Cigarettes all over the country,coz they wlabour working in these companies or in manufacturing units will lose the jobs.The ban of e-cigarette should not be effected. Though impact of nicotine vapor on non-smokers is still unclear,the product does not seem to be beneficial for the consumers. Hence governments should treat the e-cigarettes the same way as regular cigarettes and follow similar regulation . Regulation should be taken and can be done in different forms by imposing fines if the people are soking in public or offices places or in malls.Regulating them in public places only harms those people who uses the e-cigarettes to try and quit smoking more therefore they shouldn’t be banned either.

2.Which stakeholders are most affected by the sale and regulationof e-cigarettes?

Definitely every stakeholder will be effected by this ban. Mostly the consumers and buyers, Markerting team,subscribers on the ads on the e-cigarettes. The stakeholders that are the most affected by the sale and regulation of the e-cigarette are the manufactures and the consumers of the product.

3.Is the tobacco industry demonstrating a strategy of working in a collaborative partnership with the FDA by its voluntary warning labels on e-cigarettes?

Actually they should demonstarte the bad effects of cigarettes and tobaccos of how they effects the health of a smokers. They should warn the Pasting the danger symbol on the logo so that its provide legal warning on the e-cigarette box.The tobacco industry is not demonstrating a collaborative partnership with the FDA. The Tobacco industry is learnings from the regulations of combustible cigarette industry and is anticipating the further stricter measures from FDA on e-cigarettes. Though e-cigarette manufacturers claim their products to be safer than regular cigarettes, the ingredients do have addictive effects on consumers which can led to deterioration in health. Hence to prevent any future liabilities from the use of their products, they are placing warning labels ontheir products.

4.Using the elements of public policy presented earlier in this chapter, identify the inputs, goals, tools, and effects of the FDA’s effort to regulate e-cigarettes.?

Public policy inputs are external pressures that shape a government’s policy decisions and strategies to addressproblems. In this case the public policy inputs was the research that came out saying that e-cigarettes were addictive, just as it was in tobacco cigarettes, but because e-cigarettes did not produce smoke they were less harmful to a user’s lungs than tobacco. However, much remained unknown. One medical school professorexplained, “E-cigarettes may be less harmful than cigarettes, but we still don’t know enough about their long-term risks or the effects of secondhand exposure. Public policy goals can be broad (e.g., full employment) and high-minded (equal opportunity for all) or narrow and self-serving. In this case, the urging for governments to restrict e-cigarette uses by the World Health Organization is an example of public policy goal.

5.What reasons, discussed earlier in this chapter, could the FDA or other national regulatory agencies use to justify greater regulatory control of e-cigarettes?

I dont think that FDA or other national regulatory agencies will justify the Actions like regulation on e-cigrattes in the public places or to people of less use even though the smokers will be affected with large content of nictione.

Discussion 2

Chapter 7, Business-Government Relations

Government’s association with business ranges from community to working at arm’s

length. This relationship regularly is shaky, and managers must be cautious to foresee any change that may influence business and its operations. A public policy is an activity attempted by government to accomplish an expansive public reason.

The public policy procedure includes inputs, objectives, devices or instruments, and impacts. Regulation is expected to address for market disappointment, defeat common imposing business model, and secure stakeholders who may some way or another be harmed by the unlimited activities of business. Regulation can appear as laws influencing an organization’s economic operations or spotlight on social good. Antitrust laws try to save competition in the commercial center, in this manner ensuring purchasers. Cures may include forcing a fine, separating a firm, changing the firm’s direct, or requiring the exposure of data to contenders (Lawrence & Weber, (2017).

Chapter 10, Managing for Sustainability

Government environmental laws and regulations center around ensuring the natural

soundness of the air, water, and land, and restricting the measure of pollution that organizations may radiate. Environmental laws have customarily been of the command and control type, determining standards and results. New laws, in both the United States and Europe, have added advertise motivating forces to actuate environmentally solid conduct (Lawrence & Weber, (2017).

Environmental laws have brought numerous benefits. Air, water, and land pollution levels are by and large lower than in 1970. A proceeding with test is to discover approaches to advance a spotless situation and maintainable business rehearses without impairing the aggressiveness of the United states economy (Lawrence & Weber, (2017).

Chapter 12, Regulating and Managing Information Technology

The management and regulation of information technology stances challenges for businesses and governments since technology changes so rapidly, is worldwide in its effect, and requires the organized endeavors of businesses and government to guarantee privacy and security. A few nations have forced censorship on online information, in view of political, security, and religious grounds. In any case, in numerous democratic nations, a great many people trust that information ought to be accessible. These governments have found a way to obtain individual information to all the more likely shield the public from terrorism and other threats. These governments have additionally endeavored to all the more likely guarantee assurance of licensed innovation. Two noteworthy market stakeholders focused by business organizations for the accumulation of information are representatives and customers, raising various ethical issues (Lawrence & Weber, (2017).

The access to huge information can be inconsistent with the security of people’s rights to their own information. Cybercrime is criminal activity carried out by people or gatherings, called programmers, which increase unauthorized access to a business organization through its PC framework. It forces substantial costs on businesses that are hacked. Programmers seem inspired by monetary motivators, government or business striking back, or media consideration for an issue or the programmers themselves. Numerous businesses have made a huge effort to fabricate solid resistances to secure information and guarantee partner privacy. These resistances must be far reaching, companywide, and be bolstered by the organization’s executive leadership. Businesses have progressively depended the management of technology to their central information officer. These managers frequently report to the company’s CEO and are being depended with more noteworthy vital obligations inside the company (Lawrence & Weber, (2017).


Lawrence, A. & Weber, J. (2017). Business Society: Stakeholders, Ethics, Public Policy, 15th ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: McGraw Hill.

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